The Impact of Globalization on Indigenous Peoples in Mexico and Bolivia

The following is a paper written for the author’s PLS 315 – International Political Economy class.

Globalization has presented itself in many different forms, affecting nearly all people of the planet. While much attention is paid to the extreme positive and negative impacts, the process has created both winners and losers. The same mixed result can be seen amongst the indigenous peoples of Mexico and Bolivia. These two significant indigenous populations have faced sizable challenges due to the integrating economic, political and cultural landscape. Nevertheless, the forces behind globalization have not only provided a means for resistance, but also a chance to confront the long-standing marginalized status of indigenous peoples. Despite these efforts, the effectiveness of political and social leaders as well as the policy of developed nations and multilateral institutions will determine the lasting impact of globalization.

View the PDF of the entire paper


Balkanization of Bolivia

Four weeks after Bolivia’s Santa Cruz province voted for autonomy in a referendum, the lowland provinces of Beni and Pando will vote in similar referendums with another planned in Tarija at a later date. There are many factors involved; gas, race and political control are all issues plaguing the Bolivian government and President Evo Morales, the first fully indigenous head of state.  He has labeled the referendums as “unconstitutional” and “illegal”.   

BBC news 

Continue reading